Articles and Information

Elder male doing crossword puzzle in his room

What is a clinical trial or clinically-based research?

A clinical trial (also called clinical research) is a research study in humans to answer specific questions. Carefully conducted clinical trials are the fastest and safest way to find treatments that work in people and ways to improve health. Interventional trials determine whether experimental treatments (medications, procedures, or behavioral interventions) or new ways of using known therapies are safe and effective under controlled environments. Observational trials address health issues in large groups of people or populations in natural settings. (These are often called epidemiologic studies.)

The Evaluation of Pharmacologic
Therapy in Humans

A Brief Summary of the Drug Evaluation Process
in the United States

—Janice B. Schwartz, M.D.

In the United States, approval of a new drug for clinical use follows a series of developmental and evaluative steps under an Investigational New Drug (IND) Application, which precedes submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) for marketing approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The process is divided into preclinical and three clinical, investigational phases followed by NDA review by the FDA.

Vitamin Intake, Recommended Intake and Gender Differences

—Janice B. Schwartz, M.D.

Vitamins are essential to life. Diseases such as scurvy occur when vitamin C intake is inadequate; bone disease such as rickets or osteoporosis occur when vitamin D intake is inadequate; anemias occur when vitamin B levels are inadequate; deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy can lead to fetal neural tube defects; and bleeding disorders occur when vitamin K levels or intake are inadequate.

Golf Tournament, Dinner and Auction
Support the Home. As a non-profit, the Home relies on the community to maintain its high levels of care and services.
Jewish Senior Living Magazine


Independent Charities of America (ICA) represents charities that meet the highest standards of public accountability and program effectiveness, and facilitates gifts to those charities from contributors. Independent Charities Seal of Excellence is awarded to the members of ICA and Local Independent Charities of America that have, upon rigorous independent review, been able to certify, document, and demonstrate on an annual basis that they meet the highest standards of public accountability, program effectiveness, and cost effectiveness.

GuideStar is one of the most prominent national organizations that offers current, comprehensive information about nonprofits. GuideStar Exchange connects nonprofits with current and potential supporters, and allows nonprofits to share a wealth of up-to-date information with GuideStar's on-line audience of grant makers and individual donors.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' agency that ensures effective, up-to-date healthcare coverage and promotes quality care for beneficiaries. Star ratings are achieved by CMS combining data from the most recent annual survey by the Department of Public Health, from nursing home staffing, and from quality measures.